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Network Propositions
8600 - 8799


8600
Focused attention is like a fulcrum because it is our reality (see also prop. 8545). It may seem strange to liken focused attention to a rock but, in terms of perception, focused attention is as real as a rock ... and, like a rock, it can be used as a fulcrum.


8601
Any thing, which focuses and holds attention, creates reality.


8602
If one had to convince others before gaining further knowledge, one would scarcely ever gain further knowledge: In the pursuit of knowledge, one is virtually compelled to travel alone.


8603
The future is not deliberately concealed: We don't know the future yet, for the reason that we haven't created it yet.


8604
An individual's eyes and perception are the eyes and perception of its species. An individual sees and perceives, not only as an agent of its species, but as the entire species: Sight and perception are absolute qualities.


8605
The most powerful and creative aspects of perception pertain to the capabilities of our species as a whole: The individual is the active presence of the species.


8606
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. One may see a desert as unattractive: Another may see it as inspirational and beautiful.


8607
Our environment is the reflection of our species' memory.


8608
We create and live new experiences, and add them to our memories ... and we adjust our environment so that it reflects new memories, along with the old.


8609
Our environment is a net-net summation or resolution of all racial memories.


8610
We create our experiences, and we create our environment from our experiences. There is nothing but our species. We create our experiences and our environment of our own selves. We never dispossess ourselves of any aspects of our environment: All aspects are always available to us for our own use.


8611
No aspects of creation are useless or ever become useless: They are all absolutely perfect, and perfect absolutely.


8612
The people think they say 'halt' to nuclear power ... but nuclear power thinks they say 'carry on'.


8613
The cohesion, of governmental centres of power, used to be greater than the destructive power of the weapons at their command, but now the reverse is the case, and the master is in danger of losing control of his guard-dog.


8614
Nuclear power is a function of creative intelligence and it is no longer the servant of governments, it is the master.


8615
The momentum of nuclear power is far greater than any and all counter-forces.


8616
Immanent within nuclear power, are its implacable rationales and imperatives of continuance and enhancement.


8617
Where viewpoints conflict, the viewpoint which is most contributive to accurate prediction has higher truth value.


8618
Where theories conflict, the theory which is most contributive to accurate prediction has higher truth value.


8619
A theory may be pragmatically validated by its adequacy to prediction.


8620
The most useful knowledge is that which enables us to know the future; or to create the future; or to control the future; or to adapt in order to survive in the future.


8621
Hypotheses tend to account for data ... and this is not surprising, for hypotheses are formulated to account for data.


8622
Scientists may establish an hypothesis as being 'beyond reasonable doubt', or as supported by 'sufficient evidence', or as 'the best current view' ... but scientists cannot prove any hypothesis in an absolute sense. The hypotheses of science are all provisional, in that they are all subject to change and improvement.


8623
Our truths are species truths; our truths change and progress as our species changes and progresses; truth is a characteristic and function of species; a species creates its own truths.


8624
All facts are insignificant except those which are accepted as reality.


8625
Our species is self-created. 'No', many say ... 'how can the living species make itself? The species evolved from very primitive life-forms: How can such forms make, of themselves, what humans are today?' But, this sort of finite thinking cannot judge an absolute case. The species is absolute, and its finite aspects are but subsets of the infinite mainset. In absolute logic, it is perfectly reasonable for an evolutionary species to create itself.


8626
Breaking through the barrier of finite logic, into the realm of absolute logic, is essential to the understanding of existence.


8627
To control life, power and movement is to become one with life, power and movement: To control any thing is to empathise with it.


8628
Our religions are the creation of our species: They are necessary to us and real to us ... and they are wonderful.


8629
What begins as seemingly little knowledge may turn out to be wisdom about a great deal.


8630
Information can only exert moments of reality via a focus of attention ... that is, via a fulcrum of attention.


8631
The focusing of information enhances reality: The focusing of information creates reality.


8632
Give me a focus and I will change reality.


8633
Focused information is perception.


8634
Perception occurs when attention is focused.


8635
Focused attention equates perception equates reality.


8636
Only a perceiver is able to focus and receive information.


8637
Perceivers create reality.


8638
Perception is reality.


8639
That which we perceive is real, by reason only of the creative act of perception.


8640
A perceiver is real and perception is real. Reality is all about perception ... and perception is all about reality.


8641
Perception equates value and reality.


8642
A loud and unexpected explosion focuses attention.


8643
Shock and trauma are means by which attention is focused: They are the precursors and bringers of reality.


8644
Triggers of programmed reactions focus attention via instinctive recall of past traumas.


8645
The measure of our perception is the measure of our reality.


8646
Every thing is perceivable, creatable and realisable.


8647
When we refuse to accept another person's perception as reality, we say that he/she is wrong or misinformed or mad. Regardless of the perception of others, our individual perception is our reality.


8648
The premier percept of marketing is to get attention and hold attention.


8649
Our most important and powerful function is the focusing of attention ... that is, the focusing of our own attention and the attention of others. The focusing of the attention of others is leadership, and this has many aspects.


8650
Leadership may be by:


8651
Traumas create interest, and interest prolongs life by focusing attention.


8652
Interest is focused attention.


8653
Energy and objectified energy (forms of mass) create interest.


8654
Energy, whether kinetic or enformed, creates interest and may be said to equate interest: Interest and motion are integrally related.


8655
That, which creates another thing, equates that other thing. (Note: As the quality of creation is transfinite and absolute, absolute logic applies. A creator is one and equal with its creations, even though they appear to be lesser than itself.)


8656
When Van Gogh creates a painting, Van Gogh is that painting.


8657
The Absolute created the universe: The Absolute is the universe.


8658
The Absolute created every human being: The Absolute is each and every human being ... that is, wholly one with each and every individual human being.


8659
A creative person is a centre of interest ... a centre of energy.


8660
Reality is a function of people.


8661
People create reality and change reality ... even the reality of history.


8662
A persona is a fulcrum of attention ... that is, a focus of attention: A persona is a means of creating and changing reality.


8663
The more information available to a person, the more leverage that person can exert or apply to create and change reality.


8664
In order to create reality, one must know how to use information as a lever against one's focus (or fulcrum) of interest.


8665
In prediction work, it is centrally important to develop crucial questions, and to use the existing network (together with further research) to order to develop clear answers.


8666
Examples of crucial questions, which have been developed in this work, include:


8667
As finity is subset-part to the infinite mainset-whole, and as the infinite is absolute and wholly in each of its subset-parts, finity is infinite. This is the raison d'etre of absolute logic.


8668
Our species will survive because it is self-created ... and self-created to survive: It is an imperative of our species to express itself, and there are no time constraints upon this expression. It may be noted that, as our species is all there is, it has no enemies. Our species is sovereign and self-sustaining.


8669
The attribution of unalterability, to the past, is a paradigm or fixity of perception. As we change our perception of the past, the past changes: All is percipience, and nothing is unalterable.


8670
We are creatures of order ... and it is we who perceive order and we who create it in our minds: There is no order outside of our species' mind: There is nothing outside of our species' mind.


8671
That we, an order species, are creating a seeming-chaos, means that we are changing the nature and expressions of order ... and we have not yet recognised the new patterns and forms of order. (See also props. 7794-7796).


8672
Entropy is progressive universal self-knowledge. (See also props. 7833, 7837, 7838, 7841 and 7843).


8673
Hope and faith are intuitive derivatives of certain but as yet unexplicated knowledge.


8674
We ourselves construct our faith and, if it fails us, we should hasten to alter and rebuild it, for we will have even greater need for it in the future.


8675
If one knows all the past and present forces in action, and summates or resolves them, can one then predict the future? Is there any thing in the future which cannot be read in the things and events of the past and the present?


8676
For fatalism to be real, one needs to will fatalism and to believe in fatalism.


8677
Those, who will to influence events, will do so: Those, who believe they can influence events, will do so.


8678
If we create the future, as we go, how can the future be predicted?


8679
Existence is transfinite and, if we can be aware of transfinity, we can be aware of the future.


8680
All past and present events are transfinite, and we may access future events via their transfinity.


8681
We are, each of us, transfinite beings ... and we can access future events by reason of our transfinity.


8682
In order to predict the future, one must gain insight into both the finite and transfinite aspects of past and present things and events.


8683
By processes of finite logic, we cannot access the transfinity of things and events ... but, by intuition and intuitive insight, we may do so.


8684
When we gather all available data, on past and present, and bear hard upon it and put formal logic in abeyance ... then may come to us intuitive insights of a transfinite kind which reveal the future.


8685
And, when we put words to the future which we have intuited, the words bring it into focus and somehow contribute to its happening: There seems to be a creative power in such words.


8686
There must sign be given and word spoken of the will of the Absolute, which is given through man.


8687
As to prediction, there is the data aspect and there is the intuitive aspect ... and both aspects are necessary and complementary to each other.


8688
How can intuition enter into the province of a science? ... only by the imperative of its relevance and utility.


8689
To command a happening to occur, or event to be maintained, there must be clear word uttered or clear sign given.


8690
Such word or sign, by the Absolute, may be via man or via any other natural agency.


8691
As to nature, man is the most natural of all ... for man is the culmination and quintessence of all natural processes of evolution.


8692
It needs to be noted that the Absolute, being all, has no particular face or singular appearance or personage ... but the Absolute may express via any agency whatsoever.


8693
When the Absolute chooses to express via one human personality or another, surprise and disbelief may be evoked ... but why may not the Absolute so express itself? ... and how otherwise is it to express itself?


8694
We are each agents of the Absolute, to be taken and used at the will of the Absolute. It is the right and function of the Absolute to so use us ... and it is our right and function to be so used.


8695
Clear word uttered or clear sign given' is only effective in command when the agency of utterance and sign is completely at one with the Absolute.


8696
One who wholly understands the utterance or sign of the Absolute becomes one with the command ... and is taken up into the midst of it.


8697
We feed on new truths: They are tasty, invigorating and sustaining. Old truths are bland, uninteresting and unsustaining.


8698
Myths are the speakings of the soul of a people.


8699
Without God, our voice is an empty rattle: Without the awareness of His presence, life is like a flickering candle ... but, when we feel His presence, we become truly alive and all things seem possible, and our paths and ways become certain.


8700
Our people are falsely wise in their own conceit ... and, although God is everywhere, yet they cannot see Him.


8701
The people are bemused and preoccupied by facts ... and knowingly and unknowingly they worship them ... and they have forgotten and no longer heed the first commandment.


8702
Explicit knowledge is never complete ... it is always in the process of becoming. Is incomplete explicit knowledge adequate to life? ... no! ... explicit knowledge must be supported and enlarged by implicit knowledge ... that is, by intuition and 'feel'.


8703
Is incomplete explicit knowledge adequate to an understanding of the future? ... no! ... explicit knowledge must be supported and enlarged by implicit knowledge in order that we may understand the future.


8704
Knowledge is prehensive: We seek to know with our whole being ... and our knowledge is more extensive than explicit facts, and the reasoned implications of explicit facts.


8705
Explicit knowledge is a coding system, which enables us to attract and prehend implicit knowledge.


8706
The reaching for, and gathering in of implicit knowledge, involves 'feel' and intuition.


8707
Finitely reasoned implications of explicit knowledge are unlikely to enhance or strengthen the explicit codes: They are more likely to weaken or occlude them.


8708
The prehensive process by which we tractor-beam implicit-knowledge, via explicit-knowledge codes, is a transfinite process ... and finite logic has no place in this process.


8709
Each fact has a legitimate but limited field of extension by processes of finite logic ... but, beyond the field limits, extension by finite logic becomes fallacious and misleading. However, as a code-component, each fact has infinite extension as a powerful attractor or prehender of implicit knowledge.


8710
The work of a prediction scientist involves the application of thought to explicit facts, in order to attract and prehend implicit knowledge with regard to the future.


8711
A prediction scientist uses explicit facts as a code to access the implicit future.


8712
A discoverer of knowledge extends both the field of explicit knowledge and the field of implicit knowledge.


8713
A discoverer of knowledge is a creator of what is discovered.


8714
Is there anything, which is discovered, which is not knowledge? Discovery is creativity.


8715
In so far as prediction science is concerned with the implicit, it works beyond the bounds and limitations of formal logic.


8716
The explicit is a finite subset of the implicit and infinite mainset ... and the explicit can never be conclusive or definitive concerning the infinite mainset of existence.


8717
The physical body and brain are the explicit aspects of a person ... and the mind and soul are the implicit aspects of a person.


8718
This propositional network is a key to the code of existence, and is itself a code.


8719
This propositional network is a key to the code of the future, and is itself a code.


8720
Existence is an integral, which intercommunicates via a system of signals ... that is, via a code.


8721
As activities and expressions of future are of the absolute existence-integral, they are accessible via the signal-system of the absolute existence-integral.


8722
Every thing which is explicit is in code and developed from code. Every thing which is implicit is based on code, and itself constitutes a code, and is accessible by code. All facts are code, or of code. Every thing is in code, or developed from code ... including the future.


8723
The code of the future operates as a powerful attractor in the creation of the future.


8724
The code of a thing is the quintessence of that thing, and is the quintessence of the entire absolute integral which is singularity. The code of a thing not only accesses that thing but accesses all other things and the entire absolute integral. Each thing is a perfect sample of the whole, and a means of access to the whole.


8725
Life-forms are derived from gene-codes; language is a symbolic code; all explicit knowledge is in code; all implicit knowledge is code-derived; all life and all expression and all knowledge is code-derived; all existence is comprised of key-codes and of the development thereof.


8726
As a skilled cryptanalyst is needed in order to discover a key code amongst a confusing array of data, so also a skilled prediction scientist is needed in order to discover a key code amongst the confusing array of data, of existence as a whole. It is said that cryptanalysis calls for extensive study, practical experience, dogged perseverance, careful methods of analysis, lively imagination, and intuition. Prediction science calls for these same attributes.


8727
That siblings, of the same gene-code inheritance, develop differently, indicates that genetic codes permit of a wide variety of growth outcomes. Genetic codes even allow for spontaneous variation of the species.


8728
The progressive development of the foetus is a recapitulation of the evolutionary history of the race.


8729
Schopenhauer said that all humour can be 'traced to a syllogism in the first figure with an undisputed major and an unexpected minor, which to a certain extent is only sophistically valid'.


8730
Humour triggers a release of tension within a group by means of incongruities and unexpected connections between ideas. There is an anticipatory tension-gathering pause by the group, followed by a 'penny-drop' shared release of tension.


8731
Humour often has a psychologically therapeutic function, by the release of pent-up tension.


8732
Satisfying communal laughter involves an orgiastic id-fest: Laughter is a primaeval phenomenon ... a pack thing.


8733
Under cover of humour, we often give vent to suppressed desires.


8734
A common type of humour involves taking a rise out of self-opinionated or pompous people.


8735
Humour and religion don't go well together: The presence of awe and deep respect precludes the introduction or encouragement of humour and levity.


8736
I feel terribly claustrophobic when fenced in by unanswerable logic. When my intuition rebels against logic, I allow my intuition to win.


8737
When logic seems to defy common-sense, one should check the premisses and check the reasoning for fallacies. Common sense usually involves sound logic, although the reverse may not be so.


8738
There is a strong probability that any nation, which has achieved nuclear power generation capability, will develop nuclear weapons capability within a few years ... and, once nuclear-armed, will retain that status.


8739
We all do the Eve to the apple. None of us may claim innocence of the nuclear sickness for, as a species, we have brought it on ourselves. That we put in place the means of our physical destruction, is like a burning of our boats. As a species, we are committed to metamorphose from physical to spiritual mode: The die is cast, and the game is afoot.


8740
Volcanism enhances the stratospheric de-insolation layer and results in decreased biospheric mean temperatures, and also results in a heating up of the stratosphere, at and above the de-insolation layer. During lulls between volcanic activities, the de-insolation layer weakens and the summer temperatures rise. As the warm stratosphere reduces the power of the altitudinal heat-sink, an oven effect comes into play, followed by increased N-S/S-N airflows to higher latitudes, and a decrease of E-W/W-E airflows. However, the cooling effect reasserts its dominance in the winter. The increased N-S/S-N airflows increase rainfalls generally and, in winter, this builds the incidence of snow, ice, and cold land-waters ... particularly in the mid-latitudes.


8741
A 5% drop in the amount of solar radiation reaching the surface could cause the global mean temperature to fall by as much as five degrees Celsius.


8742
Except in the short-term, biospheric temperature levels will remain unstable for as long as volcanism is intermittent and irregular.


8743
The most reliable indicators of present ice-age re-entry are:


8744
There are research indications that variations in the oxygenl6/oxygenl8 ratio, in ocean-waters, provide a reliable record of global changes in icesheet volume. During glaciation, the lighter oxygen16 evaporates more readily from the oceans and is 'locked' into the great icesheets.


8745
The late Precambrian ice-age (of approx. 700mya) brought the greatest glaciation the Earth has ever experienced. Nearly half of the planet was covered with ice. The onset of the ice-age was probably associated with a major period of volcanism.


8746
The onset of an ice-age is accompanied by a steady lowering of global sea-levels ... to approximately 650 feet lower levels at the peak of ice-age glaciation.


8747
Ice-blocking of the Bering Strait would indicate that ice-age re-entry was well under way.


8748
Total world water is estimated at 331 million cubic miles, distributed as follows:

Oceans and seas 97.389 %
Ice 1.830 %
Lakes and rivers .016 %
Groundwater less than 2,500ft deep .339 %
Groundwater more than 2,500ft deep .425 %
Water in atmosphere .001 %

(See also props. 5180 - 5185)


8749
A Pleistocene interglacial period may be defined as any interval of time during which oak and other deciduous trees are widespread in Europe. It is the demise of these oak forests which signals the beginning of an ice-age.


8750
Of the total global land area, 57,000,000 square miles, approximately 5,700,000 is presently under ice ... whereas, 20,000 years ago, approximately 15,400,000 square miles was under ice.


8751
20,000 years ago, ice as thick as 10,000 feet covered Canada, Greenland, and Northern Europe. The Antarctic ice sheet was 10% larger than its present size. Icebergs and drift-ice covered half of the oceans.


8752
During the current interglacial period, the global mean temperature optimum of 16.5 degrees C was experienced about 470OBC. A trough of 13.5 degrees C was experienced about 330OBC; a trough of 12.5 degrees C was experienced about 80OBC; and a trough of 12.5 degrees C was experienced from 1400AD to 1800AD (the 'little ice age').


8753
From 1939 to 1978, global mean temperature fell by 0.6 degrees C.


8754
As the explosion area of the core 'surface' is becoming larger, the periods of volcanism and glaciation are becoming more frequent, and the interglacial periods are becoming shorter in duration. The mantle, in its precession of the core, now occludes less of the core blow-out area than formerly. Also, heat of the core explosion is working its way closer and closer to the Earth's surface, causing increased volcanism and cooling of the biosphere.


8755
The evidence (of carbon dioxide levels in marine microfossils) indicates that the previous interglacial, which ended 75,000 years ago, had high carbon dioxide levels and was even warmer than the present interglacial ... but, still, this was unable to prevent or preclude the onset of the last ice-age. Current high carbon dioxide levels (and their greenhouse effects) will probably not prevent the onset of another ice-age.


8756
There has been a high correlation between temperature levels and carbon dioxide levels over the past 160,000 years. This, of course, is not in itself proof that high levels of carbon dioxide cause global warming or prevent global cooling.


8757
The warmer the oceans, the more carbon dioxide is released from oceans into atmosphere.


8758
When the ice sheets began to melt about 16,000 years ago, the quantities of atmospheric carbon dioxide increased rapidly.


8759
Marine organisms take up carbon dioxide, and the carbon dioxide of dead land organisms is washed into the oceans. The oceans act like a pump to remove carbon dioxide from the surface and from the atmosphere. Abyssal waters are rich in carbon dioxide. Icing of ocean waters reduces the pump action and reduces the amount of carbon dioxide in atmosphere.


8760
It may be that, by reason of the oceanic carbon-dioxide pump, warmer global temperatures are associated with higher levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. However, we may not logically conclude that a high level of carbon dioxide precludes a fall of mean global temperature. If a deinsolation factor causes a fall of global temperature, the level of carbon dioxide would fall.


8761
A reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide does not cause an ice-age: On the other hand, the onset of an ice-age does cause a reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide. A high level of atmospheric carbon dioxide does not prevent the onset of an ice-age.


8762
The sulphurous aerosols, emitted by volcanic activity, deinsolate at 15-30 kilometres altitude ... while the heavier carbon dioxide emissions remain at a much lower altitude. The cooling effects of volcanism predominate over heating effects ... but this may not always be so in future.


8763
The amount of sea-ice in the Arctic varies from over three million square miles in the summer to nearly twice that amount in the winter. The greater the salinity of the Arctic Ocean, the greater the amount of icing.


8764
The first glacial period took place about two billion years ago, during the early Proterozoic.


8765
Glaciations occurred during the late Ordovician (of approx. 440mya), and the Carboniferous (of approx. 330mya and also 290mya). These glaciations seem to have been associated with substantial reductions of atmospheric carbon dioxide. There was also a great deal of subduction of ocean floors underneath continental margins.


8766
During the Phanerozoic, there have been five major mass extinctions ... the Ordovician (440mya), the Devonian (365 mya), the Permian (240mya), the Triassic (210mya), and the cretaceous (65mya). In addition, there have been five minor extinctions during this same period. Episodes of extinction occurred roughly every 24-32 million years ... and longer periods of 80-90 million years between major extinctions.


8767
Long-period extinctions may be associated with the sun's revolution around the galactic centre. If the solar system moved through galactic dust, this would cause cooling, and greater exposure to radiation would also be inimical to life.


8768
The elliptical nature of the Earth's orbit around the sun, and also the axis-wobble phenomenon, may be contributing factors of ice-age initiation, or of temperature fluctuations within ice-ages.


8769
The maunder minimum, a 70-year sunspot cessation (1645 - 1715 AD) has been suggested as a contributing cause of the 'little ice age'.


8770
Corals can survive only within a narrow range of temperature. Retreat of corals to lower latitudes is one sign of global cooling.


8771
Rapid heating of the mantle 180mya, caused by the core explosion, resulted in huge volcanic eruptions and the uplifting of new lands associated with a major expansion of mantle volume and Earth surface area. It also increased the carbon dioxide content of the atmosphere and created a warm, moist biosphere favourable to organic life.


8772
An increased level of atmospheric carbon dioxide raises temperature, via the greenhouse effect, and results in increased evaporation and rainfall. As surface waters increase, their albedo effect reduces temperature, which reduces the level of atmospheric carbon dioxide.


8773
Here are some notes re Antarctica:

(Note: Ice sheets did not appear in the Northern Hemisphere until 2.5mya)


8774
There does not appear to be any geological evidence for polar ice, of any large quantity, until about 40mya.


8775
The annual snowfall of Antarctica is only about 600 millimetres, or the equivalent of about 75 millimetres of rain.


8776
In Antarctia, entire mountain ranges are covered by ice up to three miles deep. The total amount of ice in Antartica is about 5.75 million cubic miles. About 1.8% of all Earth's water is locked up in the two polar ice caps.


8777
The temperature beneath an ice sheet can be much warmer than the surface ... due to mantle warmth and to higher pressures. This causes instability of Antarctic ice, leading to the calving of icebergs. The calvings of very large icebergs have increased dramatically since 1988: This may be a sign that the Earth's crust is warming up, due to core-explosion heat reaching the surface.


8778
A New Zealand scientist (A.T. Wilson) suggested, in 1964, that an abrupt sliding of large portions of the Antarctic ice sheet into the ocean could trigger climatic changes leading to an ice age. (Note: Such an occurrence should be seen as an aspect, rather than as a prime cause, of global cooling).


8779
About 75% of Australia was covered by thick ice sheets, during the Precambrian ice age of approximately 680mya. Lake-bed sediments, called varves, show distinct bands of mud and silt. These varves appear to mimic the solar cycle, with periods of 11, 22 and 90 years ... thus indicating a link between solar activity and Earth's climate during this period.


8780
Rain forests generate about half of their own rainfall.


8781
Dry conditions promote forest fires, which produce soot, which absorbs solar radiation, which heats the biosphere.


8782
The capacity of the oceans to absorb carbon dioxide is virtually limitless. Carbon dioxide moves from the atmosphere through the mixed layers of the oceans and into the ocean depths, very slowly and at a nearly constant rate. This rate accounts for only half the amount of carbon dioxide currently being released into atmosphere by the combustion of fossil fuels.


8783
Living matter contributes as much atmospheric carbon dioxide as the total combustion of fossil fuels. Without man's contribution, the Earth could be in equilibrium with the same amount of carbon dioxide being absorbed by the oceans as that being naturally produced.


8784
The oceans can store large amounts of heat and they respond very slowly to rapid temperature increases on land. Sea temperatures may take 1,000 years or more to react fully to a large increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide.


8785
On a geological time scale, man's carbon dioxide contribution is just another short thermal pulse ... and insignificant and powerless in preventing the onset of another ice-age. Volcanic dust and volcanic sulphurous aerosols at lower-stratosphere altitude have a deinsolating effect which preempts the carbon dioxide heating effect of much lower altitudes. Carbon dioxide (which is 50% heavier than air) tends to hug the ground.


8786
The geomagnetic field protects the Earth from dangerous cosmic radiation, from the sun and outer space. The solar wind, of subatomic particles, creates the magnetosphere which protects the Earth from dangerous ionising radiation.


8787
That lightning electron flows, from a concentrated positive source to a generally scattered negative ion area, follow a dendritic pattern, is further evidence of the universal dendritic propensity of natural phenomena.


8788
It is noteworthy that the geometrical structure of dendritic progression is essentially prehensive. All natural phenomena, including living species, display a propensity to reach-out, grope, feel and explore ... and dendritic progression is the most efficient and effective way of doing this.


8789
Transformation of energy always results in conversion losses (ref. The second law of thermodynamics). NZ efficiencies for electricity generation are approximately 34% for gas; 35% for coal; 90% for hydro; and 10% for geothermal.


8790
Propositions, which are consistent with the network as a whole, are developed and their implications become further propositions ... and so the network feeds and breeds of itself.


8791
The quaternary volcanism, of the last 2.5 million years, and creative intelligence, are functionally related, as agencies of energy release.


8792
It is not accidental that creative intelligence has developed during quaternary volcanism: It is not accidental that our species releases nuclear energy at the time when heat from the 180mya nuclear core explosion is reaching the Earth's surface. The environment is one with the species, and all actions and events are of the species integer.


8793
The processes of evolution apply to concepts as well as to other living things: Paradigms are evolutionary units, in the same way that genes are evolutionary units.


8794
Most scientists have good capability in relation to fact finding, but have much lesser capability in relation to inference.


8795
Every fact is a statement which has hidden meanings and values.


8796
As to their predictive value, facts are enigmatic, and there is a general tendency to draw unwarranted inferences from them. For purposes of prediction, one needs to cross-check with evidence from many different vectors.


8797
A prediction scientist is like an auditor who is trying to combat a very cunning fraudster who is a master of deception. That, which seems to be genuine, may well be spurious and the auditor or predictor is wise to assume that it is so.


8798
Multi-vectored enquiry is central to the methodology of prediction science. Without it, prediction remains in the realm of tea-leaves and speculation. It is primarily multi-vectored enquiry which imparts truth value and science to the project.


8799
Prediction science is an essentially inferential discipline: It applies inference to all knowledge in order to ascertain the nature of the future.


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