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Network Propositions
10200 - 10399


10200
When we abstract finite subset opposites from the qualitative mainset, we exclude that which escapes definition ... namely, that which is transfinite. Perceptually, dichotomisation emphasises finity and marginalises transfinity.


10201
Perceptually, differentiation marginalises transfinity.


10202
As all descriptions differentiate, all description marginalises transfinity.


10203
According to Whewell's concept of consilience, inductions 'tie together' facts by the formation of new ideas. Separate pieces of evidence may 'tie together' to support a conclusion whose total credibility is greater than that given by any individual piece of evidence. Real inventiveness is essential to the process. Whewell said there is no mechanical or purely logical procedure that guarantees scientific success.


10204
Whewell maintained that a good hypothesis not only predicts facts of diverse kinds, but shows that underneath the diversity there is a fundamental unity.


10205
Political organisations are organic entities which are subject to their own laws of development. They have no dependence on, or relation to, any moral order. (Note: This is an interpretation from Machiavelli).


10206
The fundamental unit of meaning is not the individual word, but the sentence in which it occurs (Bentham and Frege).


10207
Words may be likened to atoms, and sentences to molecules. Some words, like hydrogen atoms, serve also as molecules.


10208
Listen with your heart and soul, for the mind does not hear many things.


10209
See with your heart and soul, for the mind does not see many things.


10210
The sure way to oneness-awareness is to have faith.


10211
The faith of the Absolute is written large upon all creation. More essential than blood and breath is faith: There can be no blood and there can be no breath without faith: There can be no life at all without faith.


10212
By jostling and conflicting, ideas gain in strength and coherence ... and they fructify and multiply, and display the characteristics of a biological genus.


10213
In so far as the ideative genus is biological, we may not expect it to survive and flourish in non-biological computer mechanisms.


10214
By our genetically inherited intuition, we structure sensation into the experience of things in space and time.


10215
Mental processes are not subject to internal or external laws ... but, thereby, we have an inherent tendency to perceive and create laws.


10216
Most modern minds are addicted to reason: It becomes a major task to overcome this addiction and to control our reasoning faculty.


10217
It is essential to learn to control our thinking and to become able to switch reasoning on and off.


10218
Obtrusive uncontrolled reasoning is often a barrier against the feeling-knowing of heart and soul.


10219
The sound of a gong is of infinite duration ... but, can you follow its sound into infinite silence?


10220
A goal of metamathematics is that the proofs of a system should themselves be treated as mathematical objects.


10221
A proof is in the nature of a resultant and it needs to be reversible, in the sense that both sides of an equation are interchangeable.


10222
To philosophise prerequires the suspension of prejudgement.


10223
The ascent to the Absolute is a process of dealienation and reintegration.


10224
In the philosophy of science, two theories are said to be commensurable if the claims of one can be framed in the language of the other.


10225
All human relationships come to be treated as commodities. Commodity fetishism is the process whereby the products of labour come to appear to have an independent value separated from the labour of the people who created them.


10226
According to Mach, the mind knows only its own sensations, and theory is nothing but an instrument for predicting how they will occur.


10227
Each action proceeds according to a maxim or subjective principle, in accordance with which it is performed.


10228
The central dictum of existentialism is that 'existence precedes essence' ... indicating that a person has no predetermined nature, or range of choices, but is always free to choose afresh, and thereby reconstitute himself or herself as a different person.


10229
According to the zoologist Richard Dawkins, the process of evolution can occur given any entities that can be replicated. In the abstract, the process does not require that the entities involved are biologically defined. Dawkins coined the word 'meme', to refer to a cultural object (like the computer virus or the belief in ghosts) that can be replicated or passed on, and which in transmission evolves and seems to have a life of its own. (Note: The strange attractors, of chaos science, would come within Dawkins' 'meme' genus).


10230
The panpsychist view (of Lotze and others) is that all existence is involved in the production of living creatures and, accordingly, all existence should be thought of as itself an alive and animated organism, possessing reason, emotion and world-soul. To panpsychists, every part and aspect of existence is conscious ... and the whole universe is an infinite realm of mental and spiritual life.


10231
G.E.Moore believed that, whenever a philosophical doctrine was in conflict with common sense, it was more likely that the argument had gone astray than that common sense had done so.


10232
Democracy is supported not by the natural instincts of individual politicians but by the needs of society.


10233
The Absolute, which is wholly in each of its parts and aspects, is most particularly present as the Holy Ghost. The ability of the Absolute, to concentrate its self-awareness, manifests as the Holy Ghost ... and, when such manifestations occur, there is a feeling that the Absolute has a personality and that the personality is palpably present. Those who witness such a phenomenon may also feel that they are somehow participating and contributing creatively in the happening ... and that they are not separate from the Holy Ghost but wonderfully one with it.


10234
Hume argued that the placing of events of nature into lawlike orders and patterns, is the only kind of thing that scientific enquiry can ever do. But, in the nuclear and genetic contexts, is not scientific enquiry putting laws into action in a major way? ... and are not scientists now becoming creators as well as discoverers? ... and is there any essential difference between discovery and creation?


10235
Ideative flows are interrupted by processes of reason.


10236
Reasoning processes inhibit the free flow of creative ideas.


10237
Reasoning processes tend to interfere with the ideative creative process.


10238
Creatively, reasoning may be of assistance but it needs to be under control.


10239
Creatively, it is often necessary to 'switch off' our reasoning processes and to just let ideas flow.


10240
Truth is that which happens.


10241
That which happens is personal, as to the understanding and interpretation of the happening.


10242
The happening of an event is the quality of the event.


10243
As a species, and as individuals, we create what happens.


10244
We create our truths.


10245
The focus of all life is what happens, and the quality of what happens.


10246
The most important aspect of existence is the quality of life.


10247
Beliefs can be contagious.


10248
Religious conviction is based largely on existential commitment and faith, rather than on reason.


10249
A system of logic is any attempt to codify the rules whereby valid inferences may be made.


10250
Existentially, any inference we make which helps us to survive is valid.


10251
We may infer, not only by logic, but by instinct, intuition or accident.


10252
Ortega y Gasset observed that each life is one point of view on the universe ... and that truth is plural, for no one point of view is uniquely true.


10253
Ortega y Gasset said that life is a drama, chosen in an existentialist fashion.


10254
Ortega y Gasset saw the thinking of the general public as mired in lazy common-sense empiricism.


10255
Ortega y Gasset opined that the aristocratic first principles of Plato were to be chosen and embraced for their fertility ... and only the plebeian Aristotle would want to found them in sense experience.


10256
Ouden mallon' (Greek for 'nothing more') was the battle cry of Greek scepticism. It signified that a state of epoche had been reached ... epoche being a state of mental equilibrium (or stalemate), where dialectical conflict becomes enfeebled and infertile.


10257
Overdetermination of an event occurs when there exist more than one antecedent events, any of which would constitute a sufficient condition for the event to necessarily happen.


10258
William Paley said that natural organisms are like contrivances and machines, and irrefutably the product of intelligent design.


10259
Russell denied that mathematics can be reduced to logic: He claimed that intuition is needed to derive the properties of numbers.


10260
The Absolute is qualitative; existence is qualitative; all is qualitative; numbers are qualitative and are subset to quality. Qualities cannot be reduced to finite logic.


10261
The 'black box' theory or method refers to gaining an understanding that a certain cause is associated with a certain effect, without knowing what the operative cause-effect chain is. There are many examples in personality testing, where it is known that responses to certain questions correlate with certain traits ... and we know that they do in fact correlate but we don't know why. The theory or method is known as the 'black box' because the operative cause-effect chain is a mystery. We only know that, when certain causes are presented to the 'black box', certain effects predictably ensue. This theory or method is essentially instrumentalist.


10262
Nietzsche's influence on postmodernism may be seen in the celebration of the plurality of interpretations, and in the downgrading of reason.


10263
Perspectivism is the view that all truth is truth from or within a particular perspective. Nietzsche's perspectivism is seen as a philosophical technique for dissolving the presumption that there can be objective knowledge.


10264
Insistence on objective knowledge is often associated with 'one-view' truth, and with dogmatic arguments from authority.


10265
It is noteworthy that many pure mathematicians are insightful of the qualitative aspects of numbers and topology.


10266
In classical logic, the two interdefinable quantifiers are the existential quantifier (saying that something is ... ) and the universal quantifier (saying that all things are ... ). It should be noted that these connotations are misnamed, for they are qualitative and not quantitative.


10267
Predictors need to be equipped with two-mode minds: In one mode they exercise logic and in the other mode they exercise intuition, They need to be able to switch back and forth easily between the two modes and, often, to engage both modes at the one and same time.


10268
The essence or core of pragmatism is the belief that the meaning of any thing is the same as its practical effects. The driving motivation of pragmatism is the idea that belief in the truth on the one hand must have a close connection with success in action on the other. Pragmatists accord primacy to practicality over pure reason.


10269
Conviction is an affirmation of faith and belief ... and it is greatly strengthened by declaration.


10270
Declaration provides outline, substance, identity, strength, memorability, and a strange fetish-personality kind of quality.


10271
In prehensive progression, conviction creates and constitutes a fulcrum, and applies leverage against that fulcrum. Declaration enhances both fulcrum and leverage.


10272
If one wishes to gain purchase and leverage for ideas, one must make declaration.


10273
The power of declaration is exercised or manifested at the point/time of 'grasping'.


10274
Declaratory power is shared by listeners and interlocutors, to the degree of their acceptance and belief. Acceptance and belief are a kind of 'grasping'.


10275
Declarations impact on all who hear them, or come to know of them.


10276
Effective leadership is strongly declaratory.


10277
Those, who share a declaration, share a hand-hold or a place on which to stand ... a fulcrum, as it were.


10278
A clear and strong declaration is a clarion-call ... and a harbinger of victory over chaos and the void.


10279
Declaration is a strongly creative and nomothetic aspect of prediction.


10280
Prophecy is absolute.


10281
With acknowledgement to Danton, by all means we should be bold, and by all means we should be declaratory.


10282
One may neutralise opinions by counterbalancing opposing opinions. This is a technique of debate and of sophistry.


10283
Perspicacity is a trait which predictors must possess, in order to be successful.


10284
According to Leibniz' 'identity of indiscernibles', no two distinct things can share all their properties ... although they may share a great many, such as qualities of form and constitution.


10285
According to our faith and belief is our reality. If one has faith and belief that existence is absolute and wholly in each, then such is one's unconditional and substantive reality.


10286
Action requires no pre-proof. Existence is not about proving: Existence just goes ahead with creating and doing.


10287
To seek conviction is sensible, but to seek proof as a pre-essential to belief and action, is nonsensical. The absoluteness of existence precludes any possibility of non-tautological substantive proof.


10288
As we write history, so we judge the world: As we write history, so we judge ourselves.


10289
In so far as they rely on intuition and inspiration, prophecy and prediction are not negotiable or assignable.


10290
When one has a monopoly, one's first duty is to shun the temptations of monopoly.


10291
Between a happening and its explanation, new and greater worlds can enter which are seeming strangers to the first considerations.


10292
Most virtue is in hiding, and needs to be coaxed or opportuned forth.


10293
Aphorisms may be pearls, but there is much art in necklacing them together.


10294
It is not possible to be a successful prediction scientist without also being a philosopher.


10295
Lady Anne Conway developed a theory of nature as an integrated mental and material order, in which individual monads developed from lower to higher forms. She influenced Leibniz' thinking on monadology.


10296
Our species programmes itself to provide outlines and profiles for its emergent shapes ... giving them cognitive identity and clarity.


10297
The processes of creative thinking are personal, and cannot be delegated to computers or to any other non-personal agency.


10298
According to Kant, praxis is the application of theory to cases encountered in experience.


10299
In Marx, praxis becomes central to transforming the world to conform to communist theory.


10300
Projectivism denotes any view which sees us as projecting upon the world what are in fact modifications of our own minds.


10301
According to the verification principle of logical positivism, the meaning of a statement is its method of verification.


10302
Pragmatically, proof is any procedure which brings conviction.


10303
Hare used the term 'supervenience' to describe how properties of one kind may supervene upon those of another kind.


10304
The supervenience of qualities is indicative of their transfinity. All qualities are of the one absolute quality, so that each and all qualities supervene each other.


10305
The redundancy theory of truth (minimalism) claims that the predicate 11 ... is true' does not have a sense. A minimal theory of value claims that there is nothing useful to say in general about values and valuing. Minimalism claims that no term or concept is a substantial focus for theory.


10306
Ramsey said that neither generalisations, nor causal propositions, nor those treating probability or ethics, describe facts ... but each has a different specific function in our intellectual economy. Ramsey pioneered the redundancy theory of truth.


10307
Formal logic studies the cases where conclusions may be drawn validly from premisses ... but very little human reasoning is of the forms which logicians use. We often draw conclusions which go beyond our premisses. Feelings, emotions, common sense and cultural frames of reference all play their part. We reach our conclusions pragmatically and survivally ... and instinct and intuition often come into play ... and the whole process is dynamic and complex.


10308
As to backward causation, it is possible that the causal order need not comply with the temporal order. It is possible that a cause may succeed its effect in time. In the context of an absolute existence, causation may appear to be backward or forward or instant, but it istransfinitely one.


10309
According to the structuralist Saussure, a sign has the value that it does in virtue of its place in a network of other possible choices. In Saussure's famous phrase, 'there are only differences'.


10310
To Schiller, the aesthetic impulse is a fundamental element of human nature, which expresses and develops at the mergence of the phenomenal and noumenal worlds.


10311
According to Schopenhauer, the will is independent of space and time, and all reason and knowledge is subject to the will.


10312
We theorise about the behaviour of others constantly. We theorise about another person's motives, intentions and probable actions ... and about how that person will interact and respond to the actions of others. We have, in our minds, theoretical models of the personalities and characteristics of each person we deal with ... and we adjust these models as we have cause to modify our assessments. The more empathic and intuitive we are, the more accurate and effective our models of other persons are likely to be.


10313
Indexical expressions are those whose interpretations demand knowing the speaker, place, time or context of utterance. The terms 'I', 'you', 'here', 'there', 'now', 'then', 'this' and 'that', are indexicals.


10314
A transcendental argument is one that proves a conclusion by showing that unless it were true, experience itself would be impossible.


10315
Transcendental idealism (in Kant-mode) allows that objects have spatiality and temporality only because our minds are so structured that these are the categories we impose upon experience.


10316
Existence is the Absolute, and is absolute. The Absolute does not 'impose' spatiality and temporality upon itself! It is of the nature of the Absolute that it expresses itself spatially and temporally.


10317
Existence simply is our species ... and all knowledge is of self-knowing. There is only our species, and all our knowing is of and by our species.


10318
Chomsky believed that the mind comes with pre-formed categories that determine the structure of our language and ways of thought. In computational terms, unless the child came bundled with the right kind of software, it could not catch on to the grammar of language as it in fact does.


10319
This present propositional network aims at a general world view ... a weltanschauung.


10320
As to its absoluteness, existence has no subsets, for an absolute is one and equal with each and all of its parts.


10321
Formal logic has no absolute application.


10322
The varietal species, which the Absolute spawns of itself, are endless as to potential and kind ... and we may not assume that all will necessarily be physical or mental or spiritual, but perhaps beyond our present capacities to imagine.


10323
In the development of its self-awareness, the Absolute creates obstacles for itself which, by the overcoming thereof, makes leaps of greater awareness. The creation of formal logic has been, and still is, one of these valuable obstacles.


10324
An alienans is a Claytons qualifier: Alienans is an adjective which appears to be qualifying a subsequent description, but in fact functions to deny or leave open the question of whether the description apples ... (an alleged criminal, a near victory, a Claytons whisky).


10325
Ampliative reasoning takes us to conclusions that go beyond their premisses: Such reasoning is very common. Many best explanations are not deductively valid ... but they may yield useful conclusions. Logical reasoning may initiate creative non-logical thinking.


10326
Very few creative concepts admit of uncontroversial analysis.


10327
Concepts often gain identity and creativity through their place in a larger network of concepts or propositions.


10328
There is no logical principle determining where a process of analysis is to start or finish ... or as to what vector should be used. Logical analysis subserves the hypotheses of insightful initiatives.


10329
It is an implication of the absoluteness of existence that things, which exist, ought to exist ... and that things, which ought to exist, exist.


10330
The only property of matter, abiding through all its changes, is extension: Extension is the one essential property of matter.


10331
Brentano maintained that it is the intentionality or directedness of mental states that marks off the mental from the physical.


10332
The existentialist, Martin Buber, interpreted religious experience in terms of encounter and dialogue with another personal subject. He saw these relationships as sharply distinguished from objective relations between subject and thing.


10333
That, which is material, needs materiality: That, which is spiritual, has no need of materiality.


10334
The religious milieu is peopled by spiritual personalities.


10335
Modal logic refers to the use and implications of the modes of necessity and possibility. Necessity may be seen as corresponding to truth in all worldr and possibility to truth in some worlds.


10336
Logic seeks to extend the inextensible.


10337
No two perceptions are the same. There can be no collection of equivalent perceptions.


10338
Perceptions are primal and unitary ... and they are not aggregatable or extensible.


10339
Any and every collection of perceptions is detractive and questionable.


10340
Reason tends to delay, when instinct and intuition tend to act. Reason says 'think of all the ins and outs': Instinct and intuition say 'get on with it'. Reason is pro-hesitant: Instinct and intuition are pro-active.


10341
Reason relates to thought: Instinct and intuition relate to vibes.


10342
Cantor's transfinite sets may be perceived as power sets of unenumerables. (See also propositions 3006 - 3012).


10343
A computable function is any function for which there is an effective procedure or algorithm for calculating a solution.


10344
An analog computer performs computations by manipulating continuous physical variables, such as voltage and time. A digital computer operates on discrete quantities, most often represented as 'on-off', indicating whether the value of a binary variable is 0 or 1.


10345
Reichenbach thought that since there is no way of knowing whether objects maintain their size, when transported to different regions of space, the assumption that they do takes on the status of a convention.


10346
According to Bohr, there is no quantum reality ... no world of electrons and photons: There is only description of the world in these terms.


10347
There is no definable measure of the extent to which evidence confirms a hypothesis.


10348
Hypotheses face the tribunal of experience by surviving efforts to falsify them.


10349
High creative intelligence requires less means: Low creative intelligence requires more means.


10350
Required inputs of creative intelligence are inversely proportional to required inputs of means. (Note: Means are often objectified economically as 'capital').


10351
According to Wittgenstein, immersion in a way of life is necessary for understanding its specific structures and guiding concepts.


10352
Hegel viewed history as a 'progress of consciousness'.


10353
The Absolute is wholly in each of its parts which die, but the Absolute lives. So also humans, being absolute as well as mortal, die but live.


10354
Faith is of the very essence of the Absolute. The Absolute is like a wonderful wild plant, and we may name it 'FAITH'.


10355
The qualities of the Absolute become consciously known to the Absolute via human consciousness.


10356
To the extent of their awareness of the qualities of the Absolute, humans become the agencies of the Absolute in the expression of its qualities.


10357
The expression, via humans, of the qualities of the Absolute is absolute ... and is not in anyway limited, by time or space constraints or any other constraints.


10358
Humanity is the apperceptive flowering of the Absolute. It is via the human race that the Absolute becomes consciously aware of itself.


10359
We humans are that aspect of the Absolute which discovers itself ... that is, which consciously discovers its qualities and powers.


10360
Genetic fallacy arises when one mistakenly infers something about the nature of some topic from a proposition about its origins.


10361
It is fallacious to argue that a proposition is false by reason of doubtful provenance.


10362
Interpretation is a function of perception; perception is a function of experience; interpretation is a function of experience.


10363
Interpretation, perception and experience are integrally one.


10364
The oneness state of realisation of the Absolute is the 'Garden of Eden'. When we set out to analyse the Absolute, we set ourselves apart from it. By analysis, we expel ourselves from the 'Garden of Eden', but we may return by realising and living out our oneness with the Absolute.


10365
According to Hume's law, it is impossible to derive an 'ought' from an 'is' ... and there can be no logical bridge over the gap between fact and value.


10366
Readers invariably attribute extra or alternative significance to sentences ... that is, extra or alternative to the significance which the writer intended to impart.


10367
Truth is a means quality. At the core of the truth concept is the search for reliable knowledge, as a means to survival and success. The nature of truth is essentially instrumental ... and the final test of the truth concept is an affirmative response to the question, 'does it work?' Truth is essentially about method ... that is, about effective means.


10368
Truth is about the effectiveness of various ideative streams (or thought-models or thought-modes). Many qualities may be perceived as being joint-progenitors of truth: Among them are imagination, creativity, ingenuity, intuition, resourcefulness, initiative, determination, perseverance, ability, cleverness, cunning, shrewdness and flexibility. Flexibility is essential. Didactic rigidity and authoritarianism are antipathetic to truth.


10369
The writer's research indicates that the various mass extinctions of evolutionary history have followed from ozone depletion during periods of interise volcanic activity, associated with large releases of chlorine into atmosphere. The extinctions are directly attributable to deadly levels of ultra-violet rays.


10370
The starling, trapped in our wall, took two days to die. The Absolute, being wholly in each thing and wholly in the starling, took two days to die, but the Absolute still lives. Likewise, when we die, we still live. (See also proposition 10159).


10371
As the Absolute is wholly in each of its parts, we are virtually engulfed in clues as to the nature of existence. Why is it that, generally, we do not notice and comprehend these clues? 'It takes one to know one' ... and we must become absolute-minded before we can understand absolute clues.


10372
Personal experience of the Id (during a survival crisis) leads to further understanding of the infinite survival powers of our species and also of the faith and confidence of our species. In particular, such experience provides an insight of the raw primaevalness of will and faith to life and being.


10373
The human agency is that by which the Absolute comes to be consciously aware of itself, and comes to consciously understand itself. By our understanding, the Absolute comes to be consciously aware of faith and the powers of faith.


10374
Only by our understanding may qualities, such as faith, come into existence.


10375
By our understanding of faith, we create faith: By human understanding of faith, the Absolute creates faith.


10376
As, via human understanding, the Absolute becomes consciously aware of its qualities, it creates them.


10377
Humanity is the agency of quality creation.


10378
By our understanding of faith, we are able to access and enjoy faith.


10379
Absolute faith is the supreme confidence, conviction and certainty of the Absolute.


10380
We are absolute beings and, by faith, we access absolute power.


10381
An ambience of faith is essential to miracles: The faith of those who participate in miracles is as essential as the faith of the worker of miracles. Indeed, all those present at the working of a miracle may rightly be regarded as co-workers of the miracle.


10382
A miracle is an empathic sharing of faith ... it is a feast of faith.


10383
We are a magical species, and we are workers of magic.


10384
Miracles are a minute-by-minute occurrence, but most of us are not consciously aware of this.


10385
Some see life as the workings of physical laws ... and some see life as the workings of miracles.


10386
Societies and their futures are not disassociated and independent of each other: Societies and their futures are one and integral.


10387
The future of a society is a function of that society.


10388
Insightfully, a seer gestalts future scenarios, then declares them publicly. Such scenarios can be contagious, and public acceptance of them can make them happen.


10389
That, which humanity sees, humanity creates.


10390
As societies see the future, they create the future.


10391
We argue in sound, but we commune in silence. The essence of communication is silence.


10392
We attract and hold attention so that we may share the community of silence.


10393
We may talk to each other to maintain contact, while we commune in silence.


10394
We converse with words and communicate with feelings.


10395
Sounds are but overtures to symphonies of silence.


10396
Information is perceived energy. (See also propositions 6829 - 6864)


10397
The more interesting information is, the more energy it conveys and releases. (See also propositions 6829 - 6864)


10398
To impart interesting information is to impart energy. (See also propositions 6929 - 6864)


10399
The more qualitative a person is, the more interest the person has in information, and the more quality and energy the person derives from information.


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